The story of the Little White House, Key West and
the US military are
forever linked. In 1823 the residents of Key West requested the US Navy secure the shipping
lanes and protect them from pirates. Nearly 2000 brethren of the coast were attacking
the ships of the United States, Spain and England as they sailed the Caribbean island
or used the Gulf Stream to
sail to Europe. Commodore David Porter was successful and the city of
Key West incorporated in 1828.
Key West was declared the finest port south of Charleston, SC. Business
was brisk in this small seafaring town and it rapidly became the largest
city in the State of Florida.
During the American Civil war, Key West, due to the presence of the US
Navy and US Army, remained in Union hands and became the headquarters of the Gulf blockade
of the Confederacy. 199 ships were captured by the
blockade. Many historians create this action with shortening the war by a couple of
years. The 1870s saw growing unrest between Spain and Cuba
and the Atlantic Fleet was stationed in Key West to protect US interest in Cuba. The
sinking of the US Maine in 1898 brought national attention to Key West and many of
the sailors and supplies were dispatched from either Key West or Tampa.
The 1900s saw the Key West Naval station grow in importance as the
headquarters of the Seventh Naval District encompassing all the State of
Florida. A very early submarine base was established here as well as one
of the first Naval Air Stations equipped with blimps and seaplanes. Inventor Thomas
Edison resided in the house for six months in 1918 while
perfecting 41 weapons for the US war effort.
During World War II a number of German U Boats sank cargo and military
ships in the Gulf Stream and especially around Key West. The Naval Station became the
home of the Fleet Sonar School, Underwater weapons
Development and Underwater Swimmer's School (later called Scuba).
Following World War II, President Truman needed rest and a warm climate
to recover from a cold. Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz recommended the
Key West Naval Station. Truman rested and relaxed in November 1946
returning for a total of 11 working vacations lasting 175 days until March 1952. Details
of these trips are found in the presidential
logs. Key West was an integral part of anti submarine warfare throughout the Cold
War period from 1946 to 1974 with numerous American and Allied sailors trained here.
Presidents Eisenhower and John F Kennedy used the Key West Naval Station for important
summits during their term in office. In 1974, changing technology impacted the base
as the newer larger nuclear submarines could not use our harbor and the Naval Station
The 1980s saw Key West re-developed as a tourist destination and former
Presidents Jimmy Carter and Bill Clinton relaxed at the Little White House. Old Town
Trolley was established to provide sightseeing tours along with their sister company
the Conch Tour Train. Cruise ships began to make regular visits and today Key West
is recognized as a global tourist destination. In 2001, Secretary of State Colin
Powell led international peace talks between the presidents of Azerbaijan and Armenia.
The US Naval Station, due to the mild climate, has become a major training center